Madhya Pradesh, as the name suggests, is a state situated in the central part of the Republic of India. Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP) is the second largest state by area and the fifth largest state by population. It is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh in the Northeast, Chhattisgarh in the East, Maharashtra in the South, Gujarat in the West and Rajasthan in the Northwest. The natural environment of Madhya Pradesh is varied. Consisting mainly of a plateau streaked with the mountain ranges of the Vindhyas and the Satpuras, the hills give rise to the primary river system - Narmada and the Tapti, running from east to west, and the Chambal, Sone, Betwa, Mahanadi from west to east.
The economy of Madhya Pradesh is primarily agrarian, and it is a champion in the development of agriculture and allied sector for more than a decade. Owing to an impressive agriculture growth rate, MP has been the recipient of the Krishi Karman Award many times. Wheat, soybean, gram, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, rapeseed, mustard, and arhar are the main crops grown in Madhya Pradesh. In the Morena district of MP, honey production is renowned as well. The rural economy of the state also benefits from Minor Forest Produce (MFP), which includes items like lak, sal seed, teak seed, and tendu leaves.
Madhya Pradesh is home to around 280 pharmaceutical units operating in the industrial areas of Dewas, Indore, Pithampur, Mandideep and Malanpur. Madhya Pradesh has immense potential to become the manufacturing hub of India due to the availability of land, Narmada water, power surplus, almost negligible labour-unrest incidents, presence of eminent skill institutes, and availability of the best infrastructure for setting up industries in the state. The state is suitable for the auto sector, food processing, textile and apparel, defence sector logistics and warehousing development. The state has focused on infrastructure development in agriculture and allied sectors, and by developing the infrastructure, it is attracting industries, thereby generating employment opportunities.
Tourism in Madhya Pradesh has been an attraction of India because of its location in the country’s center. One-half of the state is forested and offers a unique panorama of wildlife. In the National Parks of Kanha, Bandhavgarh, Shivpuri and others, visitors can see the tiger, the bison and a wide variety of deer and antelope in natural surroundings. Due to the abundance of tigers and other wildlife in the national parks of the state, it has been recognized as the ‘Tiger State of India’. Numerous monuments, intricately carved temples, stupas, forts and palaces on hilltops raise in the visitors’ minds visions of empires and kingdoms, of the great warriors and builders, poets and musicians, saints and philosophers; of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.